Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy in the gas phase. (arXiv:1905.06129v1 [physics.atm-clus])

Recent work applying multidimentional coherent electronic spectroscopy at
dilute samples in the gas phase is reviewed. The development of refined
phase-cycling approaches with improved sensitivity has opened-up new
opportunities to probe even dilute gas-phase samples. In this context, first
results of 2-dimensional spectroscopy performed at doped helium droplets reveal
the femtosecond dynamics upon electronic excitation of cold, weakly-bound
molecules, and even the induced dynamics from the interaction with the helium
environment. Such experiments, offering well-defined conditions at low
temperatures, are potentially enabling the isolation of fundamental processes
in the excitation and charge transfer dynamics of molecular structures which so
far have been masked in complex bulk environments.

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