Controllable Non-Markovianity for a Spin Qubit in Diamond. (arXiv:1802.00819v1 [quant-ph])

We present a flexible scheme to realize non-artificial non-Markovian dynamics
of an electronic spin qubit, using a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond where
the inherent nitrogen spin serves as a regulator of the dynamics. By changing
the population of the nitrogen spin, we show that we can smoothly tune the
non-Markovianity of the electron spin's dynamic. Furthermore, we examine the
decoherence dynamics induced by the spin bath to exclude other sources of
non-Markovianity. The amount of collected measurement data is kept at a minimum
by employing Bayesian data analysis. This allows for a precise quantification
of the parameters involved in the description of the dynamics and a prediction
of so far unobserved data points.

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