Polarization monotones of two-dimensional and three-dimensional random electromagnetic fields. (arXiv:1709.07307v2 [quant-ph] UPDATED)

We propose a formal resource-theoretic approach to quantify the degree of
polarization of two and three-dimensional random electromagnetic fields. This
endows the space of spectral polarization matrices with the orders induced by
majorization or convex mixing that naturally recover the best-known
polarization measures.

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