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The evolution of $N$ spin-$1/2$ system with long-range Ising-type interaction

is considered. For this system we study the entanglement of one spin with the

rest spins. It is shown that the entanglement depends on the amount of spins

and the initial state. Also the geometry of manifold which contains entangled

states is obtained. Finally we find the dependence of entanglement on the

scalar curvature of manifold and examine it for different number of spins in

the system.

We propose a formal resource theoretic approach to quantify the degree of

polarization of two and three-dimensional random electromagnetic fields. We

show that this path provides a comprehensive framework to tackle the problem

and that, endowing the space of spectral polarization matrices with the orders

induced by majorization or convex mixing, one naturally recovers the best known

polarization measures.

We investigate the use of twin-mode quantum states of light with symmetric

statistical features in their photon number for improving intensity-sensitive

surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors. For this purpose, one of the modes is

sent into a prism setup where the Kretschmann configuration is employed as a

sensing platform and the analyte to be measured influences the SPR excitation

conditions. This influence modifies the output state of light that is

subsequently analyzed by an intensity-difference measurement scheme. We show

Statistical mechanics is founded on the assumption that a system can reach

thermal equilibrium, regardless of the starting state. Interactions between

particles facilitate thermalization, but, can interacting systems always

equilibrate regardless of parameter values\,? The energy spectrum of a system

can answer this question and reveal the nature of the underlying phases.

However, most experimental techniques only indirectly probe the many-body

energy spectrum. Using a chain of nine superconducting qubits, we implement a

The semileptonic decay asymmetry $\mathcal{A}_{\Delta m}$ is studied within

the open quantum systems approach to the physics of the neutral meson

$B^0$-$\overline{B^0}$ system: this extended treatment takes into account

possible non-standard, dissipative effects induced by the presence of an

external environment. A bound on these effects is provided through the analysis

of available experimental data from the Belle Collaboration.

Given an arbitrary quantum state ($\sigma$), we obtain an explicit

construction of a state $\rho^*_\varepsilon(\sigma)$ (resp.

$\rho_{*,\varepsilon}(\sigma)$) which has the maximum (resp. minimum) entropy

among all states which lie in a specified neighbourhood ($\varepsilon$-ball) of

$\sigma$. Computing the entropy of these states leads to a local strengthening

of the continuity bound of the von Neumann entropy, i.e., the Audenaert-Fannes

inequality. Our bound is local in the sense that it depends on the spectrum of

Quantum criticality usually occurs in many-body systems. Recently it was

shown that the quantum Rabi model, which describes a two-level atom coupled to

a single model cavity field, presents quantum phase transitions from a normal

phase to a superradiate phase when the ratio between the frequency of the two

level atom and the frequency of the cavity field extends to infinity. In this

work, we study quantum phase transitions in the quantum Rabi model from the

High-dimensional encoding of quantum information provides a promising method

of transcending current limitations in quantum communication. One of the

central challenges in the pursuit of such an approach is the certification of

high-dimensional entanglement. In particular, it is desirable to do so without

resorting to inefficient full state tomography. Here, we show how carefully

constructed measurements in two or more bases can be used to efficiently

certify high-dimensional states and their entanglement under realistic

Topological insulators and superconductors at finite temperature can be

characterised by the topological Uhlmann phase. However, a direct experimental

measurement of this invariant has remained elusive in condensed matter systems.

Here, we report a measurement of the topological Uhlmann phase for a

topological insulator simulated by a system of entangled qubits in a

superconducting qubit platform. By making use of ancilla states, otherwise

unobservable phases carrying topological information about the system become

The Hohenberg-Kohn theorem plays a fundamental role in density functional

theory, which has become a basic tool for the study of electronic structure of

matter. In this article, we study the Hohenberg-Kohn theorem for a class of

external potentials based on a unique continuation principle.

- Read more about A Mathematical Aspect of Hohenberg-Kohn Theorem. (arXiv:1709.07118v1 [physics.chem-ph])
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