Statistical mechanics is founded on the assumption that a system can reach
thermal equilibrium, regardless of the starting state. Interactions between
particles facilitate thermalization, but, can interacting systems always
equilibrate regardless of parameter values\,? The energy spectrum of a system
can answer this question and reveal the nature of the underlying phases.
However, most experimental techniques only indirectly probe the many-body
energy spectrum. Using a chain of nine superconducting qubits, we implement a